Thursday, July 15, 2010

Gates, Jacob


From: Jacob Gates Journal—through January 1836
Jacob Gates, the son of Thomas Gates, who was the son of Isaac Gates, who was the son of Amos Gates, was born in the year of our Lord, 1811, in the town of St. Johnsbury, County of Caledonia, State of Vermont.
Jacob Gates, the son of Thomas Gates and Patty Gates, his wife, was born in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eleven, the third month, the ninth day of the month, which is called March, having been born of good parents yet I was not instructed and brought in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. After I had grown to be a lad of seven or eight years old, my parents professed religion which was after the order Methodists which order was very numerous at that day. Nothing of interest took place with myself until the fall of 1827, when a Methodist revival broke out involving me in its course. I soon, however broke the spell, by leaving them to feast upon their own folly. My mind however still remained unsatisfied, for I believed that there was something of importance in relation to the salvation of man which I had not got, neither did I understand it, but not withstanding all my reflections, I sorrowed because of my situation, being in my youth. I mingled with the World and oft times forgot my situation until I was suddenly awakened by a cry from the West. Repent for the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand. I listened with attention to the flame and simple tale, which the heralds of the Gospel, Orson Pratt and Lyman Johnson declared. It was new and strange, but it was forced upon the mind with a conviction that it was true. I did not however embrace it at that time. In the spring of 1833, the 16th day of March I took a wife by the name of Mary Snow. On the 18th day of June following, my wife and I both, in company with four others embraced the Gospel and were baptized by Orson Pratt. Our numbers soon increased to about 30 in number who met often-together rejoicing in the Lord until the spring of 1834 when the word of the Lord came for the strength of the Lord's house to gather up for Zion. I immediately prepared myself for the journey, for the eleventh of April 1834 my wife and I bid adieu to our friends and home in company with four others, like Abraham of Old left our homes for the West, not knowing whither we went. After traveling eight hundred miles, we joined a company of Saints numbering between one and two hundred led by the Prophet Joseph Smith, bound to the western part of Missouri. While on our journey westward, our numbers increased to two hundred. After traveling about 16 hundred miles, being threatened with death and destruction on every hand, we arrived in Clay County Missouri on the 21 of June 1834. Others remained with their brethren who were in that country. Much excitement prevailed amongst our enemies during this time, but for fear of the contagious disease, they did not fall upon us. After a short time the cholera passed away and peace was partially restored and we waited in patience for the authority of the State to do something in our favor by way of restoring our brethren to their rights, which they had been robed of the year before. But we all waited in vain, for the people had corrupted their ways and the fear of the Lord was not before their eyes.
I located myself in the western part of the county called Clay on a piece of land, which I purchased of one of the brethren. I commenced building me a house, which we moved into as soon as the logs were rolled up. We covered one side of the roof the first day, while my wife's brother laid a small portion of the floor on which we made our beds for the night. After refreshing ourselves on mush and milk, we lay down in our new lodgings, rejoicing in the Lord that our circumstances were so favorable. In the midst of a beautiful forest which waved her rich foliage to the breeze, while the moon shed forth her brightest rays to light up the wiles of nature and make the earth agreeable to the Saints who then slumbered among strangers and in a strange land, the Spirit whispered peace to our souls and we fell asleep. After a pleasant night of repose we awoke with light and joyous hearts to execute the building of my house which moved slow in consequence of the extreme of the summer heat and the weakness of our bodies brought on by a long journey. A change of climate necessity compelled us, however, to labor all that we possibly could in order to get means to live upon. We continued under these circumstances until about the middle of August when we were all taken sick with the ague and fever and no one to assist us, our house being yet unfinished having no chimney, the sides being open, we suffered not only from sickness, but from cold and after about three or four weeks, my wife's brother Willard began to get better insomuch that he finished my house, my wife also began to mend slowly. I continued very sick for fourteen weeks after which I recovered my health. Meantime, my wife's brother left us and returned to Kirtland, Ohio and we were left without any acquaintances nearing eight or nine hundred miles. About the same time however, brother Poswell Evans came from Vermont with his family with whom I had some little acquaintance and put up at my house and remained with us four or five weeks after which they moved away. About the first of December I recovered my health. I commenced laboring to procure the comforts of life, for we had become very poor as to the comforts of life. I cleared and fenced four acres of land on my little farm, built a log barn, corn crib and in the Spring of 1835, I hired some land which I cultivated about one mile from home. I raised that summer between seven and eight hundred bushels of corn, 80 bushels of potatoes, cut wheat on shares until I earned 40 bushels. At the same time my wife spun, too, for her neighbors to get means to live upon. Thus, the summer passed away and in the fall we were able to procure many of the comforts of life. I purchased a wagon and a yoke of oxen, which with my horse made me a good team. In January 1836, being solicited by Caleb Baldwin to accompany him on a mission, I accordingly arranged my affairs, put my team into the hands of brother Abbott, agreed with Mariah Evans to remain with my wife in my absence. Thus everything being arranged, I left my wife bathed in tears to go forth for the first time to preach the gospel.

Jacob Gates
(not dated, written by his own hand)
The history focuses on his activities from 1833 to the fall of 1861

Who was born March the 9th, 1811, town of St Johnsbury, County of Caledonia, State of Vermont. My father's name: Thomas Gates. Mother's name: Patty Plumbly. March 16th, 1833 was married to Mary M. Snow. Baptized the same year, June 18th, by Orson Pratt. Confirmed under the hands of Z. Snow, and Orson Pratt, Snow being mouth.
On the 11th day of April 1834, I left my father's house with my young wife for the land of Zion, in fulfillment of a revelation given Feb. 24th, 1834, in regard to the redemption of Zion. After traveling 800 or 900 miles, we overtook the camp, located for the night. There was the first time I beheld the face of our beloved prophet, Joseph Smith. We arrived at Clay County the last of June, where the camp broke up. I located 7 miles west of Liberty, the county seat. While there I was invited to take a mission. I accepted and left home on the 25th of January 1836. I was not ordained until I had reached Flat Branch Langamo County, Illinois.
Here I was ordained an Elder the 18th of Feb. 1836 under the hands of Caleb Baldwin. May 25th, I left Edgar County, Illinois to return home in company with 32 souls who chose me their Captain; arrived home the 23rd of June, having been absent about five months.
Then, in the fall of that same year, 1836, I moved into Caldwell County, Missouri. A distance of 50 miles, where I was ordained to the office of a Seventy under the hands of Sidney Rigdon, and Joseph Smith, the Prophet, Sidney being the mouth. I think my ordination was in Far West, December 19th, 1838.
That same fall and winter I was compelled to march under a large military escort some 40 miles in company with 57 others to Richmond, Ray County, where we met Joseph the Prophet and his brother Hyrum, and 4 others, where we were tried for all the capital crimes save one, before Austin A. King and we were imprisoned some three weeks. Finally we went each other’s bail and were released, when we left for Quincy, Ill.
I left Missouri that winter and came to Illinois, Hancock County. While in Missouri I was elected to the office of ensign in a company of militia and received a commission under the hands of Governor Wilber W. Boggs.
The 1st of May 1839, I left home to preach the gospel in company with Chandler Holbrook. I went as far west as Kirtland, Ohio. From there into Canada, and returned home late in the fall of that same year.
Hancock County, Illinois, July 7th 1841: I left home in company with William Snow on a mission to La Porte, north part of Indiana, holding meetings at times on our way. While I was in La Porte, I went south in Marshall County and organized a branch of the church, during my stay in the vicinity of La Porte. There were quite a number baptized. I reached home Oct. 8th 1841.
In June 1843 I was appointed to go on a mission to the New England States. (Prior to leaving, he was accepted into the Nauvoo Lodge of the Ancient York Masons, on June the 1st 1843). I left on the 15th of June 1843. During my mission my health failed me and I was obligated to quit preaching. I left my field of labor to reach home the 26th of May 1844.
At the October Conference the same year, I was ordained and set apart under the
hands of Orson Pratt, as President over the fourth Quorum of Seventies. (Which position I held until the 23rd of October 1859, when I was appointed to fill a vacancy in the first Presidency of the Seventy, the notice of which I received while in England on my last mission there).
At a general conference held in Salt Lake City October 6th, 1849, I was appointed, with several others, to take a mission to England. I left home on the 19th of October 1849, went by the way of New Orleans, and landed in Liverpool the 6th of April 1850. Bro. Orson Pratt was absent, although still presiding in England. But he had left word that I was appointed to Lester and Derby; under the Presidency of Elder Lewis Robins, I labored about six months. When Elder Robins left, I took charge of the two conferences, Lester and Derby. There I continued to labor in these two conferences until the 25th of November when I left for London, where I landed 7:00 pm the same day. I had previously received a letter from F.D. Richards to inform me that I was appointed to labor in the London conference. And also myself and J.C. Haight and others were to hold us ready to travel into any part where our labors should be most needed. Finally, my labors were pastoral embracing London, Essex, Kent, and Reading conference, numbering some 70 branches. My labors as a pastor continued 13 months, 23 days in which time 1300 were added the church.

I left London, January 17th, for Liverpool, where I was appointed Captain (or President) of the company of saints who were to sail with me on the ship Golconda, all things on board, we left Liverpool on the 25th of January 1853 with about 300 Saints on board. Chose C.V. Spencer and A. P. Harmon as my Counselors.
We arrived in New Orleans March 25th, 1853. We there went aboard of a steamer bound for St. Louis, where we landed April 8th. I remained in St. Louis until the 20th when I went aboard of a packer bound for Keokuk, Iowa. Here I was appointed to take charge of a company of Saints across the planes to Salt Lake City, which I accepted, and landed them safe in Salt Lake City, 30th of September 1853 as near as I can remember. Not being able to find all my papers.
During the following 6 years, I did not leave Utah, but traveled with President Joseph Young and others to San Pete. We ordained and organized two Quorums, the 47th in Ephraim, and the 48th in Manti. Once as far north as Brigham City, twice to Iron County, once with Erastus Snow, and once with Parley P. Pratt
Salt Lake City, September 1859: Several Elders were selected for a mission to England, myself being one of them. I left home on the 19th of September, and went by way of Boston. Went on board the steamship Utopia, and left Boston on the 2nd of November 1859, and reached Liverpool on the 13th. While in England I was not confined to any one conference, but was instructed to visit the principle cities and branches of the church; while I was in Norwich to attend a conference in company with President Asa Calkin.
The 17th of December 1859: I received a letter from President Brigham Young to inform me of my appointment in the first Council of Seventy.
March 26th, 1860: In Liverpool counseling with president Asa Calkin, who at that time chose N. V. Jones and myself to be his counselors while he remained in England. On the 7th of May I came to Liverpool where I found N.V. Jones, who had arrived two days before. I learned on arriving, that President Brigham Young had instructed by letter, President Asa Calkin to give into the hands of N.V. Jones and Jacob Gates all the affairs of the mission, both temporal and spiritual, which we received on the day following.
On the 28th of July while in Nottingham. I received a letter stating that Amasa Lyman and Charles C. Rich had arrived in Liverpool. The 29th, I went to Liverpool and found the brethren all well that had lately come from America.
August the 5th, 1860 in Birmingham, where we held a conference, President A. Lyman, and C.C. Rich and NV. Jones, Milo Andrus, and several others from Salt Lake City, were present. The presidency is now in the hands of A. Lyman, and C.C. Rich. And it was decided in council that A. Lyman, and N.V. Jones should remain in Liverpool office; I and C.C. Rich should travel together and visit the different conferences.
We left Birmingham, August 8th by way of Cheltenham, Bristol, and from there, into Cardiff, Wales. We returned from Wales to London, and from London to Liverpool; where I arrived on the 16th, found George Q. Cannon, and N.V. Jones. 18th we went and engaged our passage from Liverpool to New York. 19th January 1861, we went on board of the steam ship Arabia and left old England.
We had a rough time. The 28th and 29th the wind blew a perfect gale for 30 hours. The ship was literally underwater. Bro. Jones and I were sick most of the way to New York, where we landed the 1st day of February 1861.
President George Q. Cannon desired that N.V. Jones should stop in New York, and take charge of the saints when they landed, and I was to go on to the Missouri River or Florence and take charge of buying teams and getting up the general fit-out for crossing the plains to Salt Lake City.
I remained in New York until the contract was closed with the Railroad Company to take our immigrants to Florence. And then I left New York on the 6th of March for my field of labor on the frontier. On the way, I called at Chicago and contracted with Mr. Shutter (or Shutler) to supply us with all the wagons that we might need for the years’ emigration.
I also called upon Mr. Martin, the Freight agent of Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad and contracted for the freighting of all of our wagons from Chicago to Florence, Nebraska Territory.
I left Chicago on the 11th of March. I called at Far West the 18th and visited with John Whitmer, one of the 8 witnesses to the Book of Mormon. He was glad to see me, and bore a strong testimony to the truth of the Book of Mormon. I arrived at Omaha on the 30th of March.
I employed C.B. Spencer, and Milo Andrus to assist me in purchasing cattle, and fitting out, and organizing the companies for the Plains. I was detained at Florence from 30th of March until the 15th of July when I started the last company west. During the time I remained in Florence, I fitted out 8 large independent companies. After closing up the business, I left on the 17th of July in company with N.V. Jones, and C.V. Spencer, and arrived in Salt Lake City about September 1st or 2nd, 1861, after an absence of two years, lacking a few days.
The same fall that I returned from England, I was sent to Southern Utah in company with many others. Erastus Snow and Orson Pratt went also to the south to take charge of the settlement, while I remained. I traveled much amongst the saints in company with President Erastus Snow. I was one of the committee to locate and lay out the city of St. George.

Notes on the Activities of Jacob Gates
During his Stay in St. George
[It is apparent that much of the information in this section is drawn from the book, “I Was Called to Dixie” The Virgin River Basin: Unique Experiences in Mormon Pioneering. Andrew Karl Larson. 1961. St. George, Ut and is sited in full later in this document.]
When in May 1861 President Brigham Young, accompanied by several of the Church authorities, visited the settlements along the Virgin River in southwestern Utah, he found that in spite of the reinforcements, which had been sent to those settlements, the population remained exceedingly small. In spite of this, he still believed that his reasons for settling that remote part of the country were sound. Consequently, when the party stopped at the junction of the Santa Clara Creek and the Virgin River, President Young stood for some time in silence looking intently at the valley to the north. As he did so, he saw in his mind’s eye a city that would be built there, “a city with spires and steeples and containing many inhabitants.”
Accordingly, at the October conference held in Salt Lake City on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of that month, President Young rose to his feet and without preliminaries read the names of around three hundred men, most of whom were heads of families and were numbered among the most progressive saints in the city. These men, he informed the audience, had been selected not only to reinforce the discouraged settlements along the Virgin River, but to build a new city near the junction of the Virgin River and the Santa Clara Creek—the city he had seen in his mind’s eye but six months before. He then read the names of two apostles and two members of the Seven Presidents of the Seventy, namely, Erastus Snow, Orson Pratt, Henry Harriman and Jacob Gates. These four men, President Young continued, were selected to add strength and stability to what he knew would be a most difficult mission, and they, like the rest of the men called, were to take their wives and children with them and make their homes there. But, he warned them, if any man selected to go on that mission could not go with a whole heart, he need not go at all.
It is not know exactly how many Saints responded to the call. Most of them, however, at once set about disposing of the homes they had struggled a decade or more to build, and the gardens and orchards they had taken such pride in.
Having accomplished this, they loaded their wagons with what necessities of life they would hold, hitched their horses to the tongues of those wagons and the trek was on.
The trip south took approximately thirty days, and many are the stories of the hardships those pioneers endured on the way. At one point between Cedar City and what is now known as Bellevue, they were not only forced to unload their wagons of their contents, but to take (in many instances) their wagons apart and carry each piece separately down what is still known as “Peter’s Leap”. This spot has recently been designated by The American Heritage Foundation as an historical spot, and a marker giving this information has been placed there.
A few of the Saints arrived in what President Young had already designated as St. George (in honor of George A. Smith) on November 25th. The rest of the company arrived there on December 1st, 1861. The Saints made camp about a half-mile east of what is now known as Temple (or Second East) Street, and south of what is now Tabernacle Street. A furrow was immediately plowed through the wiregrass covered soil in order to bring water from the East Spring at the foot of the Red Hills to the north of the camp ground. Tents and wagon boxes were immediately placed along the side of the ditch, as temporary homes. Erastus Snow and Jacob Gates pitched their tents alongside each other on the west of the ditch.
A meeting of the Saints was called on December the 4th. It was to have been in Apostle Snow’s tent, but inasmuch as Jacob Gates’ tent was larger than Apostle Snow’s tent, the meeting was held there. From then on it was known as “The Executive Mansion”.
The first item of business in this meeting was to determine ways and means of getting the spring water on the land in the lower part of the valley. The second item of business was to select a site for the new city. Jacob Gates, together with Erastus Snow and Angus M. Cannon, were chosen to make this decision.
Six weeks after the arrival of the Saints in the valley and while the heavy rains still plagued the Saints, as they had done almost every day since their arrival, Erastus Snow suggested that a stone building should be erected for use as an educational and social center. He further suggested that such a building should be finished before any other building in the valley. The idea was approved by the majority of the Saints and a subscription list was made, totaling $2,174.00 from one hundred and twenty people, not one of them having a roof over his head. Jacob Gates, among others, was chosen as a member of the building committee. In the course of the construction of the building, Jacob Gates and James Bleak went to Salt Lake City to ask for donations. As a result, $525.00 was donated in cash, as well as merchandise of various sorts, including shoes, nails and tea. The stone cutting for the building, as well as the carpenter work was donated by the various Saints who were skilled in some trade or other. The building was completed November 1863. A rental charge was made for all public meetings, fixed at $20.00 per night. This historic old building, built under the critical eye of Jacob Gates, was as solid a hundred years after it was erected as it was in the beginning. In the name of prosperity and up-to-dateness, this fine old building was torn down to make way for a gas station.
In the year 1866, Jacob Gates was elected mayor of St. George. During his tenure, the problem of getting ample water for culinary and irrigation purposes was the first consideration. Mayor Gates and the City Council agreed that the water from the Pine Valley Mountains should be looked into. However, after figuring both the money and the labor that would be involved in such an undertaking, they came to the conclusion that the project would have to be left to future generations. The only alternative was to rely on the East and West Springs and Red Hill Springs. As a result, it was not long before the sparkling water from these springs was running down the black volcanic ditches, some of which may be seen to this day.
In August of the following year, the question of taxing the people for $10,000.00 with which to build a County Court House arose. Jacob Gates, who was a former carpenter and joiner, as well as mayor, fell heir to the job of supervising the building of the two-storied structure. It was to be made of red sandstone. The basement of this structure contained three rooms, to be used as jails. These rooms, or jails, came to be in good stead during the days the Silver Reef Mine was operated. The first floor was used for offices. The second story, consisting of one large room, was given over entirely to an assembly room. A gallery was built over the entrance where the orchestra was eventually to sit when dances or parties were given. The building was finished ten years after the Saints entered St. George Valley. It was built, like everything else the Saints built there, to last. But with the passing of time, it proved too small for a County Court House. It is still in use nevertheless, and stands as a monument to what men can do when they make up their minds, regardless of circumstances. It has recently been set aside as part of Our American Heritage, and has been so designated by the American Heritage Foundation. On the plaque denoting this is the name of Jacob Gates.
In the meantime, President Young paid a visit to the settlements in southern Utah, including St. George to discuss the feasibility of building a cotton factory there. The reason for this journey was that, because of the Civil War, it was getting increasingly difficult for the Saints to shop their cotton crop to eastern markets, and at the same time it was getting more difficult and more expensive to get cotton cloth from the East.
The story of the results of President Young’s decision is a long one, fraught with many disappointments, not only as far as building a factory to house the necessary machinery is concerned, but in getting the machinery over all but impassable roads. The result was that the factory was never at any time a success.
In order to keep the factory going, the company borrowed $10,000.00 from President Brigham Young. The note was signed by Erastus Snow, A. R. Whitehead and Jacob Gates, all of whom had been made directors of the company. Later on Jacob Gates made a tour of the surrounding settlements to collect money to apply on the company stock. This gesture was but one of a series of attempts on the part of the church leaders to make the cotton industry a success; this was another attempt on the part of the church leaders or authorities to make the people throughout Utah independent of the east for the necessities of life. The result of this attempt ended in the founding of Zion’s Cooperative Mercantile Institution, Utah headquarters in Salt Lake City and branches wherever the authorities saw fit.
Erastus Snow put the matter before the people of southern Utah in 1868. He was made president and Jacob Gates, together with five others, was made a director of the new movement. The directors of the meeting subscribed $8,794.00 as capital stock of the new venture, which proved to be profitable and satisfied almost everyone but the women of St. George, but that, to use a cliché, is another story.
Due to a lamentable lack of reading material in southern Utah, a meeting was held on January 22, 1864, to establish a library in St. George. Jacob Gates was made one of the directors. The people of the town contributed to the cause by taking a considerable amount of produce to Salt Lake and selling it, the proceeds going to purchase books for the library.
Three years later, it was moved to the “Lyceum”, a one room, red rock building used for that purpose, on Main Street, a half-block north of the Stake Tabernacle. The building was eventually turned over to the Relief Society. It remained in their hands until around 1950; when it was torn down to make way for a business office. It was still as good as new and with its destruction, a good many older citizens went about for a long time with a lump in their throats.
On Monday, May 10, 1857, word came to the people of St. George that the Transcontinental Railroad had been completed, the east and west roads having met in north-western Utah. Flags were unfurled and a public meeting celebrating the event was held in which, so it was reported, Erastus Snow and Jacob Gates made “eloquent speeches.”
While all these activities were going on in and around St. George, in which Jacob took a prominent part, he was elected to the House of Representatives Assembly of The Territory of Utah, representing the district composed of Washington and Kane Counties. He was elected three times to that office. He was also elected a member of the legislative Assembly in 1873, representing both Washington and Kane Counties.
On the 12th of May 1866, he was appointed Brigade Aid-de-Camp, first Brigade of the Militia of Utah, with the rank of Colonel of Infantry.
During all these years, Jacob was fulfilling his role as one of the Seven Presidents of the Seventy. In doing so, he was renowned as a public speaker. Without waste of words, it was often said of him that he always went straight to the breast of the subject at hand. Fearless when he felt he was in the right, he said what he felt needed to be said regardless of the consequences. Long after his death, a very old man from Washington used to tell one of Jacob’s granddaughters what an inspiring speaker he was, and how as a young man, Jacob had influenced his life. (Jacob Gates died in Provo Utah on April 14th, 1892.)
In a letter written to Wellington Gates, the youngest son of Jacob and his wife Emma, written by Jacob F. Gates, Jacob’s eldest son, he said that Apostle Anthony W. Ivins, who grew up in the same block as the Gates (Emma’s) family, told him one night at his house that there were three men who had influenced is boyhood more than any other man. One of these men was Jacob Gates.
Jacob Gates

Gates, Jacob (Male)
Birth: Date: March 9, 1811 Place: St. Johnsbury, Caledonia, VT, USA
Parents: Father: Gates, Thomas Mother: Plumley, Patty or Lucy
Death: Date: April 14, 1892 Place: Provo, Utah, UT, USA
Burial: Date: April 17, 1892 Buried: Provo, Utah, UT, USA
Marriage Information: Spouse: Snow, Mary Minerva
Alternate Spouse: Snow, Millie M. Date: March 16, 1833
Marriage Number 2 Date: January 21, 1846
Marriage Number 3 Date: July 13, 1856
Marriage Number 4 Spouse: Forsberry, Emma Date: October 23, 1853
Place: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
Marriage 4 Children:
Name: Birth date: Place:
1. Gates, Jacob Forsberry July 30, 1854 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
2. Gates, Franklin Forsberry February 13, 1856 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
3. Gates, Jedediah Morgan March 22, 1858 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
4. Gates, Emma Adelaide August 22, 1862 St. George, Washington, UT, USA
5. Gates, William Milo June 8, 1864 St. George, Washington, UT, USA
6. Gates, Wellington Forsberry June 15, 1866 St. George, Washington, UT, USA
Marriage Number 5 Spouse: Ware, Mary Date: October 25, 1862
Place: Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA
Marriage 5 Children:
Name: Birth date: Place:
1. Gates, Heber Ware October 9, 1863 St. George, Washington, UT, USA
2. Gates, Charles Henry October 28, 1866 St. George, Washington, UT, USA
3. Gates, Claudius Ware February 15, 1869 St. George, Washington, UT, USA
4. Gates, Mary Elizabeth June 16, 1872 Bellevue, Washington, UT, USA
5. Gates, Lillian Josephine December 19, 1875 Bellevue, Washington, UT, USA
6. Gates, Arthur William July 2, 1878 Bellevue, Washington, UT, USA
7. Gates, Orson Pratt September 8, 1882 Bellevue, Washington, UT, USA
Church Ordinance Data:
Baptism Date: June 18, 1833 Officiator: Orson Pratt
Confirmation Date: June 18, 1833 Officiator: L Zarubabel Snow
Ordained Elder Date: February 18, 1836 Officiator: Baldwin
Ordained Seventy Date: December 19, 1838 Officiator: Joseph Smith
Temple Ordinance Data:
Endowment Date: December 15, 1844 Temple: Nauvoo, Hancock, IL,
Sealed to Parents Date: April 1, 1954 Temple: Salt Lake, Salt Lake City, UT
Sealed to Spouse Number 1 Date: January 21, 1846 Temple: Nauvoo, Hancock, IL,
Sealed to Spouse Number 2 Date: January 21, 1846 Temple: Nauvoo, Hancock, IL,
Sealed to Spouse Number 3 Date: July 13, 1856 Endowment House, Salt Lake City
Sealed to Spouse Number 4 Date: September 17, 1859 Endowment House, Salt Lake City
Sealed to Spouse Number 5 Date: November 1, 1861 Endowment House, Salt Lake City
Sealed to Spouse Number 6 Date: October 25, 1862
Places of Residence: Clay Co., MO, USA; 1834, Caldwell, Co., MO, USA; 1836, Carthage, IL, USA; 1838
Winter Quarters, Douglas, NE, USA; 1846-47 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT, USA; 1850-1860, St. George, Washington, UT, USA
Vocations: Farmer; 1860
Laborer; 1850
Comments: In 1860, Jacob had a household of 3, real wealth of $400 and non-personal wealth. In 1870, Jacob had a household of 11, real wealth of $5000 and $1000 of personal wealth.

Comments: #21. This biographical sketch adapted from the LDS Biographical Encyclopedia.

Jacob Gates was one of the First Seven Presidents of Seventies from 1862 to 1892. His father was a farmer, and during the early period of Brother Gates' life he worked on the farm. He also worked at the carpenter and joiner trade, and his education was confined to a limited period of time.
In April 11, 1834, with his young wife, he left his father's house for Missouri, where he arrived June 30, 1834, where he located seven miles west of Liberty, Clay County, which was quite a small village at that time.
While here Brother Gates was invited to go with Caleb Baldwin upon a mission, on which he left Jan. 25, 1836. On the 25th of February, 1836 he left Edgar County, Illinois, to return home to Clay County, in company with 32 souls, who chose Elder Gates as their captain.
In the fall of 1838, he had been compelled to march under a large military escort, in company with some fifty-seven other brethren, a distance of about forty miles, to Richmond, Ray County, to which place Joseph and Hyrum Smith had also been taken from Far West. Elder Gates' journal says: "It was here that we were tried of all the capital crimes, save one, before Judge Austin A. King, and we were imprisoned some three weeks. Finally we went each other's bail and were released, when we left for Quincy, Illinois."
Not long after this Elder Gates went to Hancock County and received a commission as ensign in a company of militia. The same month he left home in company with Chandler Holbrook to preach the gospel, going as far east as Kirtland, Ohio, and Clay County, Mo., and in the fall returned home. In company with William Snow he left Nauvoo, July 7, 1843, on a mission to La Porte, in the northern part of Indiana, and the fall of 1841 he went south into Marshall County and organized a branch of the Church; a goodly number were baptized.
In June, 1843, he again left home for a mission to the New England States, and before going he met the Prophet Joseph. His health was feeble, but the Prophet said: "Go and fill your mission, and we will wrestle after you come back." The Prophet and Elder Gates would often engage in the game for exercise. When Elder Gates returned home from his mission, May 26, 1844, he saw the Prophet for the last time, a little distance from him, on his horse, going to his martyrdom.
At the October Conference, 1844, he was ordained and set apart senior president of the fourth quorum of Seventies, under the hands of Parley P. Pratt and Orson Pratt.
In the autumn of 1847 he came to Utah, and in the fall conference of 1849 he was appointed, with several others, to take a mission to England. He left Salt Lake City on Oct. 19, 1849, and embarked at New Orleans on the steamer Maine, which arrived in Liverpool April 6, 1850. While on this mission, which lasted three years, Elder Gates filled several important positions in presiding over different divisions of the British mission, and many were added to the Church. On his return home he was appointed to take charge of a company of Saints, which he successfully brought across the plains, arriving in Salt Lake City on Sept. 30, 1853.
During the following few years he traveled throughout Utah, assisting in the organization of the different quorums of Seventy. In 1859 he was called on another mission to Europe. To fill it, he left Utah Sept. 19, 1859, and reached Liverpool on the 13th day of December, Soon after his arrival there he received a letter from President Brigham Young informing him that he had been selected as one of the First Council of Seventies. While upon this mission he traveled with Apostles Amassa M. Lyman and Charles C. Rich. In 1861 he returned home; on his way he stopped at the different points and assisted in the outfitting work of companies of Saints about to cross the plains. At the October Conference, 1862, he was ordained a member of the First Council of Seventies.
While living in St. George, Washington County, he served as a member of the County Court for several years. He was also elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory to represent the district composed of the counties of Washington and Kane. He was re-elected three times to the same office, namely, in the years 1864, 1865, and 1867. He was also elected a member of the Council of the Legislative Assembly in 1873, to represent the district composed of the counties of Kane and Washington. May 12, 1866, he was appointed brigade aid-de-camp, First Brigade of the Nauvoo Legion Militia of Utah, in Iron military district, with the rank of Colonel of Infantry.
After a well-spent life Elder Gates died at his residence in Provo, Utah as a true and faithful Latter-day Saint.

Comments: #31. Jacob went on a mission with his wife to Boston from 1843-1844.

We encounter Jacob Gates frequently in the multi-volume works published or supported by Daughters of the Utah Pioneers: Fighting mobs as company commander in the Nauvoo Legion (1845); a member of one of the first companies to reach Salt Lake (1847); entertaining friends in his home at the "Old Fort" (28 December 1847), during which Apostle Parley Pratt spoke on "The Velocity of the Motion of Bodies When Surrounded by a Refined Element"; member of a committee (with Erastus Snow) to locate the city of Saint George; a participant of the Salmon River Mission (1857); unjustly ousted by soldiers of Camp Floyd from the ranch he had opened in Rush Valley in partnership with Daniel Spencer and Jessie C. Little (1859); president of the European mission and, briefly, editor of the Millenial Star (1860); on a preaching tour (1867); a proponent of the Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution and Director of the Southern Utah Cooperative Mercantile Association (1868); marrying his son, Jacob F., to Brigham Young's second daughter, Susa (1880). See, for example, An Enduring Legacy, Our Pioneer Heritage, Encyclopedic History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Obituary Scapbook, Orson Whitney's History of Utah, and Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah.

From: “I Was Called to Dixie” The Virgin River Basin: Unique Experiences in Mormon Pioneering
Chapter 8: “Between Those Volcanic Ridges” St. George
President Young visited the settlements on the Virgin in May 1861. He found that in spite of the reinforcements sent to the various settlements before 1861 the population remained distressingly small. Washington had less than half the families it had started with in 1857, and the others, while not subject in the same degree as Washington to the extensive ravages of malaria, showed losses in population. The President, however, was convinced that his plans for the Basin were sound; he therefore set out to implement them on a scale that would pay dividends. Accordingly, at the October Conference held on the 6th, 7th, and 8th of that month, he called over three hundred men, most of them heads of families, to reinforce the discouraged settlers, and to build a new town "between those volcanic ridges" that should become the center of the Cotton Mission. In addition to the ones called on the above occasion, President Young instructed Orson Hyde to raise from thirty to fifty families in Sanpete County and take them to Dixie; and to bolster Fort Clara came a company of about thirty families who had migrated that same year from their native Switzerland. A considerable number of the new migration went up the river, while quite a few of the Sanpete group settled in Washington. Some of the leading church authorities—Apostle Erastus Snow and Orson Pratt and two of the First Seven Presidents of Seventy, Jacob Gates and Henry Harriman were to accompany the mission and make their homes in Dixie. (pg 102-103) …
The first to arrive at the site of St. George were Robert Thompson and William Fawcett who camped in the valley on November 25, 1861. Others followed, the large numbers beginning to come on December 1, and in the days following most of the company had arrived. The camp was made about a half mile east of what is now called Temple Street (Second East) and below what is now Tabernacle Street. They plowed a furrow through the wiregrass to bring into one channel the waters of the East Spring to the camp for culinary use.
President Snow called a meeting on December 4. The first order of business was the unanimous ratification of James G. Bleak's appointment as Clerk and Historian of the mission, a position for which he was well qualified and for which he had already been set apart in Salt Lake City. President Erastus. Snow then reviewed the purpose of the mission and the careful exploring that his party had done before deciding upon the location of St. George. He then invited comment from members of the company as to the advisability of locating in the valley they now occupied. Several did so, all of them expressing satisfaction with the prospect of building their homes there. They then proceeded to attack the problems of immediate and pressing importance.
The first thing they tackled was to determine the ways and means of getting the waters of the Virgin River on to the land near the river in the lower part of the valley, choosing for this purpose a committee consisting of Israel Ivins, Robert Gardner, William Carter, Benjamin F. Pendleton, and Haden W. Church. The committee went to work that very day, but at a meeting held on the morrow they asked for another day in which to make its report. The second item of business was to select a site for St. George. Erastus Snow, Jacob Gates, and Angus M. Cannon (William Fawcett was added later) were chosen to make this decision, a natural choice, since both Snow and Gates were among the General Authorities of the Church. The meeting then adjourned until the following evening, December 5, when further problems were considered. There was the problem of caring for their cattle. Angus M. Cannon was appointed marshal and William Carter an assistant-marshal for this purpose. Their job was to secure herdsmen to care for the animals. Another committee consisting of George W. Adair, David H. Cannon, and James McInelly was commissioned to find the nearest and best road to the cedar and piñon pine that some of the men from Tonaquit had said were available.
A community of between seven and eight hundred people had to have some form of government; therefore a Camp Council was chosen and sustained by the camp. It consisted of Robert Gardner, George Woodward, Daniel D. McArthur, William Carter, Angus M. Cannon, James G. Bleak, Benjamin F. Pendleton, Ute Perkins, William Lang, William Fawcett, Israel Ivins, and Lysander Dayton. Thus in true frontier style the first pioneers of St. George prepared for an orderly, law-abiding society: nothing was left to chance. (pgs 108-109) …
While the heavy rains still plagued the campers, Erastus Snow suggested that they erect a stone building to be used by the citizens of St. George for educational and social purposes (this on January 9, about six weeks before the people had even moved their wagons and tents on to their town lots). He proposed that they complete the structure before any other building in the valley. The idea was at once approved by the enthusiastic citizenry, and a subscription list was made with contributions pledged in various amounts ranging from five to fifty dollars each, and totaling $2,074 from 120 people, not one of whom yet had a roof over his head. A building committee—Easton Kelsey, Joseph Birch, and Jacob Gates—was chosen at this meeting. At another public meeting on the 12th the committee presented plans for a school house measuring forty by twenty-one feet to be built of rock, and at an estimated cost of three to five thousand dollars. (pg 116)
Chapter 14: Merchandising and Trade
The cooperative movement was launched in Dixie soon after the organization of the Parent Association, Z. C. M. I., in Salt Lake City. The main purpose of the movement was to liberate the people of the Mormon empire from dependence upon the gentile merchants, who, with an unerring nose for profits, had moved into Utah to reap the golden harvest in that rapidly-growing commonwealth. With the support of all the outlying cooperatives beyond the bounds of Salt Lake City, the parent institution was bound to flourish and at the same time be a source of strength to them by furnishing them goods of quality at reasonable prices. Z. C. M. I. did more than this: it took many of the products of the outlying communities as pay for the goods they received. Thus it was that the dried fruit, cotton, hides, wine, and molasses paid for much which the settlers of the Cotton Mission obtained through the cooperatives that were established in practically every village in Dixie. But this was not all. Individuals loaded their own produce into their wagons and took it to Salt Lake City and points between, where they exchanged it for the things they needed. This vast network of smaller cooperatives tying into the the large one was an impressive force in helping the Saints to grow in economic strength. It would be hard to overestimate its value to communities such as those in the Cotton Mission.
The cooperative movement in Dixie began at the November Conference in 1868 when Erastus Snow opened up the subject. It was his desire, he said, that the spirit and instruction of the recent October Conference in Salt Lake City "should pervade the present Conference, that we in the South might intelligently unite with those in the North on the vital question of adopting measures to render ourselves a self-sustaining people." For three days the local church leaders poured forth their oratory on the theme introduced by President Snow. The soon-to-be President of the new St. George Stake, Joseph W. Young, made a motion "that President Snow be requested to call a convention of the Elders present at this conference for the purpose of organizing one or more Mercantile Associations for Southern Utah." It was carried without dissent. Following the conference the convention was held, and the regulations for governing the association were adopted. According to John D. Lee who was present at this meeting there was considerable disagreement as to whether there should be a parent institution in St. George or whether Z. C. M. I. would be sufficient. Apparently the parent idea predominated, for the board of directors had three men who lived in communities other than St. George. Erastus Snow was chosen as president, and Robert Gardner, Jacob Gates, Franklin B. Woolley, and Joseph Birch of St. George, William Snow of Pine Valley, William H. Crawford of Washington, and John Nebeker of Toquerville were elected as directors. Those present subscribed $8,794.00 in capital stock. …
The cooperative store in St. George grew well, however, as did the smaller stores which sprang up in every town of any size in the Virgin Basin, meeting the needs of the people and giving to them places both to buy their goods and also to dispose of their own surpluses. (pgs 254-256)
Chapter 21; Other Cultural Activities
The dearth of reading material among the pioneers led to efforts to establish a library in St. George as early as January 22, 1864, when the Governor of Utah Territory signed an act passed by the Territorial Legislature incorporating the St. George Library Association. The Board of Directors named in the Act consisted of Orson Pratt, Sr., Erastus Snow, Franklin B. Woolley, Angus M. Cannon, Jacob Gates, Orson Pratt, Jr., and James G. Bleak. Just how active this group was in getting library service established is not clear. It is known that people contributed to this worthy cause with produce, and that this produce was taken to Salt Lake City where it was sold and the proceeds used to buy books. A copy of the Articles of Agreement of the St. George Library Association, dated November 3, 1873, indicates that at that time eleven persons had subscribed $260 in stock in amounts varying from $5 to $50. Whether this was the first subscription of stock in the Association is not known. The Articles reveal that the Association was capitalized at $10,000—certainly never completely subscribed—with shares worth $1 each at par value. Stock could be purchased in "cash, books, or other such property as may be accepted by the Board." The inaugural address of the Library Association was delivered by Erastus Snow on November 19, 1873, and on January 26, 1874, the Association opened its reading room in the St. George Hall for the first time, with twelve persons in attendance. It is difficult to say how long the Library Association carried on its activities in the St. George Hall, but the probabilities are that a reading room was perhaps used there until the Lyceum building was made available about ten years later. The Association received at least an additional $1020 in stock subscribed, most of it from the same people who had subscribed in 1873. (pgs 507-508)
Chapter 31: Transportation and Communication
The telegraph was undoubtedly a great boon to these outlying areas of the church. It was particularly of value to the Factory at Washington and other businesses such as the various cooperative stores and cattle companies. It even became the basis for an attempt to publish a small daily newspaper in St. George in 1879 and was of great value to the church authorities in the Cotton Mission, for it meant the transmission of important instruction and news without the loss of time consumed in letter-writing or travel. It was helpful particularly during the Indian troubles of the early 1870's. But perhaps most of all it gave the isolated settlements in the Virgin Basin the feeling that they were not so far away from the rest of the world after all. This feeling is suggested in the following telegram sent to the church authorities from a committee, which had been delegated by the city fathers to send the message.
Monday, May 10, 1869. At 12:33 our Telegraph line flashed the word to St. George that the connection rail of the Transcontinental Railroad was being laid by Governor Stanford. From information received this morning, the Ecclesiastical, Civil and Military authorities and the people on the que vive and, immediately on receipt of the welcome intelligence, greeted it by unfurling the Stars and Stripes amid the salutes of the artillery and music of the Brass and Martial Bands. After which most eloquent speeches were delivered by President Snow and Mayor Jacob Gates. Even while we write the concluding cheers of the assembled people are making our red hills ring again.
In 1903 the telegraph service was discontinued, and its lines were purchased by local business interests under the leadership of Edward H. Snow and others who formed the Southern Utah Telephone Company. So passed into history the Deseret Telegraph Company, giving way as usual to the newer and more practical inventions of ingenious man. (pg 528-529)
Chapter 33: Tabernacle, Courthouse and Temple

The great day arrived on December 29 1871, when the last stone in the tower was laid. There had been a great flurry to get the capstone laid and the roof on by the end of the year. On Christmas Day, 1871, the hands were all busily at work on the structure instead of being at home with their families, observing the holidays. James G. Bleak, one of the participants in the ceremony, has left the following account.
On Friday, Dec. 29th. At 3 p.m. Prest. Erastus Snow, Pres. Jacob Gates, one of the first seven Presidents of the Seventies, Robert Gardner and James G. Bleak of the Presidency of Southern Utah Stake of Zion, Bishop Daniel D. McArthur and his-counselors, Wm. Carter and David H. Cannon, Bps. David Milne, Henry Eyring and Walter Granger, all of St. George and a goodly number of others, met at the St. George Tabernacle to attend to and witness the laying of the last stone in the Tower.
Prayer by President Jacob Gates.
Singing by the Choir.
Presidents Snow, Gates, Gardner and Bleak, Bishops McArthur, Milne, Eyring and Granger and others ascended to the top of the rockwork of the Tower. Elder Edward L. Parry, principal mason announced that the cap-stone was ready for laying.
President E. Snow then offered prayer of thanksgiving for the blessings vouchsafed by God to all concerned in the building of St. George Tabernacle.
President Snow then, with trowel in hand, proceeded to lay the stone in its place. Presidents Gates, Gardner and Bleak, in succession, then struck it with a mason's mallet. Miles Romney, assistant architect, laid his square on the rock and pronounced it level. Whereupon, President Snow and those present, took off their hats and shouted, "Hosanna! Hosanna! Hosanna! to God and the Lamb. Amen, Amen and Amen." This was echoed three times.
President Snow then gave the Benediction, invoking continued and increased blessings upon all who had been, or should hereafter, be engaged in building and finishing the Tabernacle.
Saturday, Dec. 30th. The last shingle was laid on the roof of the Tabernacle this afternoon.
In the evening after the capstone had been laid, the workers were honored by the local church leaders with a “Social Party and Festival” at the St. George Hall. There was an air of rejoicing among those present and a feeling of thanksgiving that they had partially accomplished what they had set themselves to do. (pgs 569-571)

The Court House is a landmark too. One must marvel at the spirit of dedication and energy that led the pioneers to raise this edifice at the same time that the Tabernacle was being constructed. It was begun in 1867 and completed in 1870.
The decision to build a courthouse was reached on November 12, 1866, at a session of the Washington County Court held on that date. The dimensions were to be 36 feet 4 inches by 40 feet 4 inches. The immediate plan was to build a basement, part of which was to be used for cells.
At the December term of the County Court, an appropriation of $500.00 was made to apply on the Court House Building Account. These funds were to be expended under the direction of Judge James D. McCullough.
In 1867 the County Court instructed the clerk to send out to the various precincts of the county a proposal to raise $10,000 to build a courthouse and cells for the use of the county. It was proposed to raise the amount by increasing the county tax on taxable property by one fourth of one per cent (two and one-half mills). The election on August 5, 1867, gave a large majority in favor of the increase. At the September session of the court the tax was increased to seven and one-half mills. Selectman Jacob Gates was appointed to supervise the construction.
The same craftsmen who worked on the Tabernacle worked on the Courthouse. Samuel Judd burned the lime at his kiln in Middleton, William Burt did the plaster paris decoration in the interior, and Miles Romney and other woodworkers built the cornices and interior finishing and the cupola on the top.
Three rooms in the basement were used to house people convicted of crime. The first floor was built into office rooms. The large assembly room on the upper floor served a multiple purpose; in addition to its function as a courtroom, it served as a place for parties and dances, and as a schoolroom for upper classes when the four ward schoolhouses could no longer accommodate all those who attended school.
Originally there were wooden steps, portico and a balcony at the entrance. These were later replaced by cement steps made by Thomas P. Cottam and Sons. Albert E. Miller built a colonial front with a protecting roof and iron balcony. (pgs 605-606)

From: Devoted Empire Builders (Pioneers of St. George)
Jacob Gates, son of Thomas and Patty Plumbly Gates; b. March (May?) 9. 1811. St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vt. Came to Utah, 1847. Missionary early years of Church. Member First Seven Presidents of Seventy, 1862-92. To St. George, 1861 Helped select location for city; city councilman 1862; county selectman 1863; member building committee, first public buildings; member Board of Directors St. George Library Association; 1864; Mayor 1866; director, Southern Utah Cooperative Mercantile Association, 1868; member Legislative Assembly. Md. Emma Forsberry October 23, 1843; Md. Mary M. Snow; also md. Mary Ware, who had two sons and two dtrs. They lived in SLC Home, St. George NW corner, 1st N., 1st W. Moved to Provo, where he d. April 14, 1892.


IN_AS MUCH as it has pleased the Almighty Father to call
our beloved Senior President, Jacob Gates, to a more extended sphere
of usefulness,

THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED by the First Council of Seventies, that
while we truly mourn the loss of his society and wise councils, we
realize our loss is his gain, and bow in humble reverence to the Will of God.

Truly a good man has passed away - one who for nearly sixty years has
stood a fearless defender of the truth one who always prophesied good
concerning Zion, and who bore a faithful testimony to the truth of God's work.

Resolved that this resolution be spread upon our record book and also that
a copy of the same be sent to the family of the deceased.


Seymour B. Young
Christian D. Fjeldsted
John Morgan
Brigham H. Roberts
Jonathan G. Kimball
George Reynolds

Forsberry [Gates], Emma


From: Devoted Empire Builders (Pioneers of St. George)
Emma Forsberry Gates, wife of Jacob Gates; dtr, of William and Sarah Ledham Forsberry b. July 27, 1830, Leicester, Eng. Came to St. George with husband. Their children: Jacob F., Franklin F., Wellington F. (Will), Jedediah Morgan, Emma Adelaide, William Milo, d.

This is extracted from Praise Ye the Lord MIA Festival 1958. Written and narrated by Crawford Gates.

"O My Father"
(This scene is optional)

Voice Choir: Leicester, England!

Narrator: Eighteen hundred and sixty in the home of William and Sarah Forsberry.

Voice Choir: A hymn has changed the life of the daughter, Emma....

Narrator: It was a hard scripture to her and to her parents when Jesus said:

Voice of Jesus: ...verily I say unto you, there is no man that hath left house,
(not to be seen) or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother...for my sake,
(Mark 10:29-30) and the gospel's, But he shall receive an hundredfold now...and in the world to come eternal life.

Narrator: And like many before and many since, Emma Forsberry heard a testimony and had her heart touched by the message of a great Mormon Hymn . . . but found to her sorrow that to embrace the gospel also meant to forsake father and mother.

Voice Choir: The story is Emma's
The Hymn is "O My Father"

The following instructions are for those that elect to present the dramatic sketch in full. Others may delete it altogether or adapt it to their capacities.
A. Cast
1. Emma Forsberry -- age 20
2. Mary Ann Forsberry -- age 12
3. Sarah Forsberry (Emma's mother) age 40
4. William Forsberry (Emma's father) age 40 or older
5. Elder Jacob, an LDS missionary from Utah
B. Costumes: Appropriate to 1860 England
C. Setting: May be very simple. A table with old fashioned lamp may be in the center. A rocking chair to one side (also old fashioned) may be used. Anything else to suggest England 1850, such as a picture, a curtain, a piece of furniture may also be used if available, but is not necessary.
D. Props: A little pair of sharp sicissors, to be carried in William Forsberry's pocket.

Scene Opening: It is morning in the Forsberry home in Leicester, England 1860. William Forsberry is a prosperous textile manufacturer. The home and deportment of family members bespeak refinement, culture and financial success. Mary Ann is reading a book in the living room and gently rocking in the chair. Emma enters the room.

Emma: How can you read and rock at the same time Mary Ann?

Mary Ann: It isn't too hard, if the book is good.

Emma: And what is this book that is so good?

Mary Ann: (very knowingly) It isn't about the Mormons.

Emma: (shocked) Mary Ann! What are you saying?

Mary Ann: Father is very angry that you went to a Mormon meeting last night.

Emma: How does he even know that I went? I haven't seen him yet this morning, and he had already gone to bed when I got home last night. Besides, I was taken there by Aunt Betsy.

Mary Ann: Aunt Betsy was here very early this morning and told Mama where she had taken you last night, and Mama told Father just a few minutes ago, and he was very angry. I heard him from the kitchen while I was reading right here.

Emma: I intended to tell him myself (hurt). He need not be angry with me, because he heard it from Aunt Betsy. You certainly have big ears to hear all this so early in the morning.

Mary Ann: (with an almost mocking sing-song) Early to bed and early to rise, makes one healthy, wealthy and ...

Emma: Wise! Beyond her years! I know.
(William Forsberry enters with stern look on his face and she says respectfully:) Good morning, Father.

William: (sternly) Good morning, Emma. Your mother tells me that you attended a Mormon meeting last evening with Aunt Betsy. Had I known such was your intent, I would have forbidden it.

Emma: You were still at your office at the factory when Aunt Betsy called to pick me up, Father. I didn't know what kind of a meeting it was myself until we arrived there. Aunt Betsy has taken me to many things in the past, and you had no objections.

William: To the art displays or the concerts, fine! But my daughter at a Mormon meeting. It's a disgrace.

Emma: Father, you don't understand. It wasn't what you think. The
Mormons are a fine people. . .

William: Fine are they? The papers have been full of their pollution of our land. They are a degenerate group of frontiersmen from the United States. Their missionaries are here in England for one purpose. They want more wives for their Mormon harems. I can't imagine that a girl of your upbringing, Emma, would find anything in common with such a group. And when Aunt Betsy comes again, you can be sure I'll inform her judgment in this case. More than that, I will tell her that such an episode must not be repeated.

Emma: But Father, it wasn't what you think it was. There was a wonderful, sweet, calm feeling. The people were humbly dressed and the missionaries who spoke had American accents, but there was something different about them. And the things they said and sang of were new and---

William: Emma, I don't wish to hear any more of it. I'm disturbed that you were even seen there. Make sure you don't go again.

Emma: But I was invited to the next meeting, and I would like to be able to accept and go--

William: (Looking her straight in the eyes) Emma Forsberry, you are the daughter of a respectable English family. I intend to maintain that respectability in this community. I don’t want my daughter seen in that kind of company. I forbid you to go to any more Mormon meetings, or to have anything whatsoever to do with their despicable kind. Is that clear?

Emma: (She does not answer immediately but bows her head in mixed emotions of desire to obey her father, and desire to follow the testimony which has already touched her heart.) I understand what you’ve said—(very quietly) they are not despicable. (She covers her face in humiliation and leave the room.)

Sarah: You were pretty severe on a girl of Emma’s quiet temperament, don’t you think, William?

William: In a case like this, you don’t think, you just re-act. She’s a good daughter, I don’t mean to hurt her, but I just feel strongly about it. I don’t want my daughter being seen at any more Mormon meetings…or worse, hearing what they say. Did you hear how she defended them? I don’t understand it. How could a girl of Emma’s background even have that reaction? I wish it hadn’t happened. I probably won’t get any work done at the factory today.

Sarah: (She takes him by the arm, calmly.) Your breakfast is ready, dear. Come in and sit down.

(A temporary BLACK-OUT—Light up on narrator)

Narrator: This moment marked the beginning of a heart-breaking period in Emma’s life. Believing that she had heard the word of God, she could not obey her father, even though she lived him. Yet not to obey him all but broke her heart.

A year later she decided she must go to Zion to be with the Saints. She dreaded both the anger and grief of her father and mother. At the same time she feared she would break down. So she walked out without a word. In the lane behind the house she met her little sister Mary Ann. Stooping to kiss her, the young woman said:
(During the last two sentences, lights open on Emma and Mary Ann who pantomime the previous two sentences as they are being spoken by narrator. Lights out on narrator.)

Emma: (Kneeling so as to be the same height as Mary Ann and after brushing away tears in both their eyes.) Mary Ann, you’re my sweet little sister and I’ll always love you with all my heart, as I do our Daddy and Mam. (She looks around to the house and garden) and our wonderful home—but Zion is calling me, Mary Ann.

Mary Ann: What is Zion, Emma?

Emma: Zion? Zion is the way I feel when I’m with the Saints. Zion is the look in a missionary’s eye when his face shines with joy and he says, “I know that God lives.” Zion is where the pure in heart dwell. Oh, Mary Ann, Zion is where the Lord has a Prophet who has told us where we came from and why we are here and where we are going. Zion is the sound of a song. Do you remember that first night, a year ago; I heard such a song in that first meeting. The missionary was dressed—strangely—and he didn’t speak well, like the English. But what he said was just for me. And then he sang a hymn. I’ll never forget the new wonderful words of it nor the way I felt when I heard them. Joy and undreamed of peace spread through my whole being and I know in my own heart that such ideas could only come because a prophet of God was walking on the earth. Zion is the message of such a song Mary Ann. And it calls me.
(During the last sentence or two the organ softly intones the final phrase of “O My Father,” at this point the lights go dim on the kneeling Emma as she embraces her little sister, and comes up also semi-dimly on the 1860 missionary, who may be in front of the Mixed Chorus. The missionary may be any age from 17 to 40. He sings with a plaintive voice the first verse of “O My Father” with organ accompaniment.)
Sings “Oh My Father,” page 139 Hymnbook.
Mixed Chorus: (After first verse—lights out on Mary Ann and Emma.)
Mixed Chorus: (Second verse of “O My Father” as written—third verse of “O My Father” may be also sung by Mixed Chorus or by a duet, consisting of a second Elder joining Elder Jacob, etc.)
(After completing the 3rd verse, the organ plays an interlude consisting of last phrase of the verse, and then the chorus hums a verse in the semi-darkness while the following scene is enacted. The timing of the humming and conclusion to the scene should be so both conclude at the same time.)

Narrator: Emma then went to Liverpool, England to join a group of Saints to come to America. Her father, William Forsberry, anguished beyond words, walked the streets of Leister all that night and followed her the next day to Liverpool. He overtook her just as she was about to go on board ship.
(Lights come up on Emma walking toward doorway. William Forsberry rushes up from the distance.)

William: Emma! Emma! Emma! (He reaches her and embraces her in great grief.) Emma, my darling daughter. Don’t leave us. I beg you to come back home with me. Come back, come back. I beg you, Emma. Don’t ruin all our lies and take our happiness. ( He breaks down with grief. Emma embraces her father and strokes his back gently and is overcome at the sight of her father’s grief. When she is able to control herself she says:)

Emma: My wonderful daddy! How I love you and mother and Mary Ann and our home. You can never understand why I am leaving. (Deeply moved she concedes.) All right father, I will go home with you, but there will come a day when I shall leave again; there can be no other way.

William: (William, unable to answer in his grief, takes a small pair of scissors from his pocket, cuts off a lock of Emma’s long black hair, then kissing her ever so tenderly, he turns slowly and walks away without looking back. Emma watches after him, looks the other way toward the ship, then back at her father, and then in a moment of her own grief drops her head and covers her face with her hands in a convulsive sob. Then as the concluding verse of the hymn is sung, she clears her eyes, and lifts her head once again to the song as it is finished.)

Elder Jacob and (Elder Jacob, as before is in half light. Everything else is
Mixed Chorus: dark except for a half-light on Emma also. Elder Jacob sings the first half of verse 4, while Mixed Chorus hums. The Mixed Chorus joins Elder Jacob in singing the text of the last half of verse. The song ends softly, and the lights on Elder Jacob and Emma slowly dim to darkness.)

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Hardy, Samuel Brocklebank


From: Hardy and Hardie, Past and Present(1)
Samuel Brocklebank Hardy (son of Benjamin Hardy, grandson of David Hardy, of Stephen Hardy, of Joseph Hardy, of John Hardy, of Thomas Hardy—first of this Hardy line to arrive at the Colonies), born at Bradford, Mass., 21 September 1804; died at St. George, Utah 9 September 1899; married at Georgetown, Essex County, Mass., 17 January 1826, Caroline Bacon Rogers, daughter of John and Rhoda (Davis) Rogers. She was born at Novidgwock, Me., 16 September 1806 and died at St. George, Washington County, Utah 1898. She was an excellent nurse and her services were greatly in demand in those early days. It was said she was in attendance at the birth of more than a thousand children. There were but few deaths among her patients.
Samuel Brocklebank Hardy was a shoemaker by trade. He served on the first police force in Salt Lake City. He was so generous that he could not bear to see anyone in want. He would give all he had to the poor, and he did not accumulate wealth. He had a host of friends whom he seemed to enjoy more than worldly possessions. (pg 757)

(The following is part of a history of Sarah Finley, who was the second wife of Samuel B. Hardy. He married Caroline Bacon (sometimes indicated as Baker) Rogers in January 17, 1826. He married Sarah Finley June 29, 1854.)

From: The Charles William Merrell Family(2)
Compiled and edited by Velma Merrell Grimshaw and Marie Stevens Facer

Sarah "Polly" Finley, daughter of John G. Finley and Mary Ann Bozarth, was born 18 February, in Grayson County, Kentucky. She was married to Charles Merrell in Lewis County, Missouri, on 12 October 1834 (IGI 1988). (pg 318)
The period of time that Charles and Sarah spent in Iowa and their removal to Utah is written in the Merrell chronicle (See p. 315). We now continue Sarah's story of her life without Charles.
The spring following the arrival of Sarah and her children in Utah found them settled in South Farmington, where they lived for about two years. On 29 June 1854, Sarah married Samuel B. Hardy(3) , by whom she had three daughters: Caroline Matilda, Martha Ellen, and Sarah Hanna. Samuel moved the family to Bountiful, which was their home unti1860.
The intervening years were very hard for Sarah. Her new husband did not adequately provide for her and her children, so her sons herded cows and sheep to earn food for the family in lieu of money, which was practically nonexistent in Utah at that time. Joseph, age seven, herded sheep for a neighbor and received 15 pounds of wheat for ten months work. Her other sons worked in similar jobs to earn "shorts" and bran from which to make bread. While they were in the hills herding animals, they had nothing to eat but sego bulbs and thistle roots which they dug up with sharp sticks (Merrell Family Papers, Joseph Merrell).
Mr. Hardy had come from Boston and was a shoemaker by trade. As he was accustomed to living from hand to mouth, he did not make provisions for hard times. Sarah's son, Joseph (Ibid.), later recalled trapping wolves and foxes to eat. He told of a time in 1855 when they had boiled fox for dinner and company came; they told their guests they were eating rabbit. The family had a cow, so there was a little milk to supplement the game and the weeds they gathered to cook for greens. (pg. 319)
In 1857 when Johnston's Army was sent to Utah to quell the " dissident Mormons," the settlers were asked to evacuate before the soldiers arrived. Sarah's family moved with their neighbors to Springville, leaving one of her sons in Bountiful to guard the house and burn it if the U. S. Army came to their part of the settlement. When the discord was settled, the family moved back and stayed for two more years.
In 1860 Hardy was called to go to Southern Utah, so he went south with a younger wife, according to Joseph's story. Sarah's son Orson moved her and the two little girls to Willard where some of her older children lived. Twelve days after the move, Sarah gave birth to her third child by Mr. Hardy. She named the child Sarah after Sarah Merrell, the daughter who had died in Council Bluffs on 8 October 1847.
Sarah learned nursing and midwifery and thereby earned her living and supported her children. During her practice she delivered about 900 babies and never lost a mother or child. After twenty-five years in this situation she went to live with some of her children in Idaho. She died in Elba, Idaho, on 2 February 1901 and was buried on February 5 in Willard, Utah (Ibid.).

From: Builders of a Heritage , The History of Charles Merrell & Sarah Finley Merrell Hardy . Submitted by Kelly Anthon(4)
[The portion relating to Samuel B. Hardy only.]
With God's help, the family arrived in the Valley on October 12th. Her eldest son had gone ahead of the group and met them upon their arrival. He and a Mr. Chaffin took the family to a small two-room house where they stayed temporarily. They soon moved to the North part of Salt Lake City where they stayed until spring. Friends then arranged for the family to move to South Farmington where Mrs. Merrell met and married Samuel Hardy in June 1854. Sarah and her new husband moved to Bountiful, Utah after their marriage; together they had three daughters. The family stayed in Bountiful until 1860 when Brother Hardy was called to go to southern Utah. At the time of the calling, Sarah was expecting a child. Together, Samuel and Sarah decided that she should move to Willard, Utah with her daughter Nancy Merrell Call and her husband Homer Call (our ancestors) instead of traveling to Southern Utah. Homer and Nancy provided a home for Sarah and her young children -- Sarah delivered her last daughter twelve days after arriving in Willard.

From: Hardy and Hardie, Past and Present(5)
[Regarding the 3rd wife of Samuel B. Hardy, she had previously been married to Mansel (Mansil) Hardy. From Hardy and Hardies]
Mansel Hardy (son of Simon Hardy, grandson of Stephen Hardy, of Joseph Hardy, of John Hardy, of Thomas Hardy), born at Bradford, Mass., January 1795; died at Bradford, Mass., 30 November 1852; married at Bradford, Mass., 9 August 1818, Martha L. Foster of Haverhill, Mass., or West Newbury, Mass. She was a daughter of Isaac Foster of West Newbury, Mass. His widow, after his death, went to Salt Lake City with the Mormons. (pg. 591)

THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, 1835-1860 Compiled by Martha Mayo and Connell O’Donovan

Samuel Brocklebank Hardy(6)
2nd cousin of Leonard W. Hardy. Born September 21, 1804 in Bradford, Mass. Also joined the LDS Church and migrated to Utah in 1850, with his wife Caroline Bacon Rogers (of Maine) and their five children (all born in Massachusetts); a sixth child, 2 year old daughter Caroline Matilda, died during the journey. They were in the Wilford Woodruff Company, leaving Kanesville, Iowa on June 15, 1850 and arriving in Salt Lake on October 14.
Lowell Institute for Savings Bank Records show that a "Samuel Hardy" had a savings account there "in trust for" him in 1847.
The 1840 Census of Lowell lists a "Samuel P. Hardy" (sic) and the family ages are all accurate (except one child, Samuel Prescott Hardy, is missing). Note also that Brocklebank is often spelled Procklebank in Massachusetts records. Samuel B. and Leonard W. Hardy lived next door to each other in the 1850 Census of Salt Lake City.
Samuel died September 9, 1899.

(1) Hardy and Hardie, Past and Present. 1935. H. Claude Hardy, Reverend Edwin Noah Hardy. Hardy Association of America. From Microfilmed record: FHL US/CAN Film 1698037 Item 3.
(2) (11/2/2009)
(3) Samuel B. Hardy was previously married to Caroline Bacon Rogers. He had a third wife whose name was Martha, according to a Family Group Record on file in the LDS Church Archives, FHL Film #439,397.
(4) (2/17/2009)
(5) Hardy and Hardie, Past and Present. 1935. H. Claude Hardy, Reverend Edwin Noah Hardy. Hardy Association of America. From Microfilmed record: FHL US/CAN Film 1698037 Item 3.
(6) University of Massachusetts Lowell Center for Lowell History (11/17/2009)

Rodgers [Hardy], Caroline Bacon [Baker]


From: Our Pioneer Heritage
Caroline Baker Rogers Hardy was a pioneer midwife and nurse in St. Goerge, Washington County, Utah for many years. She was born in Noridgewalk, Maine, September 16, 1806 and in young girlhood moved with her mother to Georgetown, Massachusetts where she married Samuel B. Hardy on the 17 of January 1826. For six years a home was made in Georgetown and then the Hardys moved to a farm in East Bradford, now Groveland, Essex County. Here they were visited by Mormon Elders and embraced the gospel in 1840. Immediately after their conversion, the Hardy home became headquarters for missionaries and meetings were held there each Sunday until they joined the migration to Utah. During the years Caroline resided in Massachusetts she studied obstetrics and nursing.
After the martyrdom of the Prophet Joseph Smith, the Hardys were visited by Wilford Woodruff and a life-long friendship was established between them. He urged them to go to Utah and accordingly in 1850 they started from Kanesville, Ohio in the company over which he presided. After arriving in Salt Lake City, Caroline took up her practice of midwifery and nursing for about ten years, then went to Southern Utah with her husband who was called to the Dixie Mission. Except for a few years spent in Virgin City, Mrs. Hardy practiced in the St. George area. She brought into the world more than one thousand babies. She, herself, was the mother of a large family. Her eldest son, Augustus, was one of the first four Mormons who came to Dixie as missionaries in 1854. Caroline lived to be ninety-years old, passing away at her home in St. George, in November, 1898. (pg 469)

From: A History of Washington County From Isolation to Destination
Midwives were often more available to the Latter-day Saints who were dispersed widely across the Dixie landscape. Two St. George midwives in the pioneer period were Mary Ann Hunt Nielson and Caroline Baker Rogers Hardy. Both came to Dixie with their husbands in the early pioneer period. Like many others, these two women had some form of midwife training before coming to Utah. Both lived to their nineties and delivered hundreds of babies during their years in southern Utah. They performed their services largely before the territorial government of Utah began licensing midwives in 1893. (pg 106)

Our Pioneer Heritage. Kate B. Carter. Daughters of the Utah Pioneers, Salt Lake City, Utah: 1963. Volume 6. Salt Lake County Library System: Headquarters-80 East Center Street, Midvale, Utah 84047 (929.7 C323)
A History of Washington County From Isolation to Destination. Douglas D. Alder, Karl F. Brooks. 1996. Utah State Historical Society Washington County Commission. (Salt Lake County Library System 979.248 Ald)

Monday, July 12, 2010

Capener, William

Sketch of the Life of William Capener
From material gathered by Louise Rebecca Taylor, his eldest daughter, by his granddaughter, Margaret Wicks Taylor Cluff.

William Capener was born July 31, 1806, at London, England. He was reared in the home of his grandfather, John C. Capener and step-grandmother, Rebecca Selves. His own grandmother, Hanna Hulbert, having died a few years previous.
William was the son of Daniel Capener and Elizabeth Capener Capener. They were cousins. He was educated in private schools of London. His grandfather was a minister in the Church of England and was very desirous that his grandson, William, should follow that profession. William entered college for that purpose, but could not agree with the principles of the Church of England, although he was a very spiritual man, and chose, instead, cabinet making as his vocation, much to the disappointment of his grandfather. But William excelled in his trade.
He had an early sweetheart by the name of Louise Glenn. About that time, Sarah Verrinder went to London from Painswick, Gloucester County, England, to act as seamstress in one of the nobility’s homes. She was very well liked and treated as one of the family and often accompanied them in their travels to the continent. She attended services at the St. George Church, Hanover Square, where Grandfather William was also a member. It was there that Grandfather met her and they were very much impressed with each other. After a short courtship they were married at that church, October 26, 1828. Sarah Verrinder was born September 2, 1804, at Painswich, Gloucester, England.
Louise Glenn requested that they name their first daughter Louise, which they did, and before she died she bequeathed to her namesake $500 in American money.
The first two children born to William and Sarah were boys, George and William. George was born July 29,1829, at London and died February 1912 in Wisconsin. William was born December 26, 1831 in London, England and died in Cleveland, Ohio.
Grandfather was very anxious to see America so he in the spring of 1834, set sail for the United States without his family. His grandfather persuaded him to leave his family in London, partly because he felt sure Grandfather would soon become discouraged with America and return to England and settle down to make his home in London.
This was not the case, for grandfather was very favorably impressed with the new country and sent for his family eight months after their daughter, who they named Louise, was born. Louise was born July 17, 1834, London, England.
In the spring of 1835, Grandmother, with her two small sons and infant daughter, set sail for America and arrived in New York after a six weeks voyage.
Their first home was at Poughkeepsie County, New York. They lived there two years. It was at this place that two children were born, Charles Henry in 1836, dying in infancy, and Elizabeth Ann, born May 22, 1837. Grandfather was unable to obtain a clear title to his property at that place, so they moved to Dry Brook, Ulsture County, New York, where another daughter was born October 16, 1840. They named her Jane Maria (my mother.)
About this time there was quite extensive ship building on Lake Erie and one of the large ship builders wanted a man who could build winding stairs on his ships. One of his employees who was acquainted with William, recommended him to the builder. He sent for William to go to Cleveland, Ohio, which he did, moving his family to that place.
They lived in a double home. The family who occupied the other part of the house was the family of Thomas Wilson, president of the branch of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and it was through him that the Capener family first heard the gospel. William was invited to attend a meeting with Brother Wilson, which he accepted and when he returned he made this statement, “Now I know I have found the right church, and I can understand why I could not be a minister in the Church of England.” He was baptized soon after and progressed in the Priesthood and became counselor to Brother Wilson, Branch President at Cleveland.
William had acquired a large home there and as the wife of the President of the Branch was ill and unable to care for the visitors or work in the Church, it was at Grandfather’s home that all the conferences were held.
They often went to the Kirkland Temple for meetings, which was not far fro Cleveland. Grandfather was ordained an Elder in that temple January 24, 1844.
While the family lived at Cleveland, Ohio, there was much travel by boat on the Erie Canal and Lake Erie and the missionaries traveling back and forth were cared for at Grandfather’s home until their boats would leave. Martin Harris visited their home often and Grandfather said wherever he saw Martin Harris, he always had a Book of Mormon under his arm.
It was at this time that Grandfather made a trip back to England to settle the property left by his grandfather, John Capener, who had died September 25, 1836. Martin Harris, hearing of Grandfather’s intended trip to England, requested that Grandfather take him along as he desired to preach the gospel there, but Grandfather told him that he had not been set apart for that work and should not go, but Martin Harris was determined to go and did go. When they reached England, they separated, each going about his own business. Some time later, on one of Grandfather’s trips to London he was attracted by a crowd gathered on the street and went to see what it was all about. To his astonishment, there was Martin Harris standing, preaching Mormonism. He looked very unkempt and ragged and like he was hungry. Grandfather took him, fed him and bought him a new suit of clothes that he might look more respectable, but Grandfather also chided him for going there without an appointment by the proper authority.
In 1847, they desired to sell their home and prepare to come west with the body of the Church, but Brigham Young requested them to remain in Cleveland for a while to assist the Saints who were coming from the old country and from the Eastern States.
Three girls, Louise R., Elizabeth A., and Jane M. were baptized in Cleveland in 1852. They remained in Cleveland until 1852 and again sold their home where they had beautiful gardens, large flocks of fowl of all kinds and Grandfather had steady, well-paying employment and his trade, which gave them strength to once more break up their home and prepare to move on with the Saints.
Grandfather bought four wagons, which he filled with everything that would make them comfortable. When they arrived at their destination, they even had a melodeon, which Brigham Young afterwards acquired, much to the disgust of Louise, who played well.
Grandfather left Cleveland for the Salt Lake Valley May 2, 1852, and arrived at Council Bluffs on May 26, staying there until the July 6. While there, Grandfather helped the Saints repair their wagons. They started across the plains in Captain Isaac Bullock’s Company.
Louise recounts that a great epidemic of Cholera was among their company and the young women were forced to walk much of the way across the plains so that those afflicted and the aged could ride in more ease and comfort, but Jane Maria thought the journey was quite a lark as she was younger and rode all the way. They had new wagons, harnesses and good horses and a cow that kept them in butter and milk all the way.
President Thomas Wilson and his family came with Grandfather and his mother was one of the number who died with cholera on the plains. They arrived in the Salt Lake Valley October 2, 1852. They first settled on property where the St. Mark’s Church and rectory now stand on First South. Grandfather built the first cabinet shop in Utah on that site, later selling the property to the St. Mark’s Church.
It was at this place that Grandmother Sarah Verrinder Capener died May 27, 1863. She was afflicted with asthma and not able to do hard work, but she surely did train her girls to be wonderful housekeepers and seamstresses. Grandmother was a brilliant woman who could speak French fluently. The one great sorrow in hers and Grandfather’s lives as the fact that their two boys. George and William refused to join the Church and come west with the family. William remained in Cleveland and became a physician and George went to Wisconsin and became a successful building contractor. They both married and had families.
Grandfather married Ellen Rigby, March 23, 1861. She was born 15 August 1839, at Lancaster, Lancastershire, England, and died February 7, 1903 at Bountiful, Davis, Utah.
Grandfather made a second trip to England to get the money that was left by Louise Glenn to her namesake, Louise R. Capener, his eldest daughter, also the records of his family.
Grandfather was a very thrifty man, fine gardener and loved to have a nice looking home and surrounding. When he sold his Salt Lake City property after Grandmother’s death, he moved to Centerville and built a two story rock house and had a fruit orchard and gardens there. He and his second wife, Ellen Rigby, reared a large family of two girls and five boys. He died at Centerville in 1894 and was buried there.

William Capener

Birth: July 30, 1806, Knightsbridge, Middlesex, England
Death: January 24, 1894 Centerville, Davis County, Utah, USA

Parents: Son of Daniel Capener and Elizabeth Capener

Married Sarah Verrinder, October 26, 1828, Saint George Church, Hanover Square England
Children: George Capener; (1829 - 1912)
William Henry Capener;
Louisa Rebecca Capener;
Charles Henry Capener;
Elizabeth Ann Capener; (1837 - 1918)
Jane Maria Capener (1840 - 1926)*

Married Ellen Rigby, 23 Mar 1861, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah
Children - Arthur Rigby Capener, John Rigby Capener, Ellen Matilda Rigby Capener, Samuel Rigby Capener, Alfred Albert Rigby Capener, Edward Theodore Rigby Capener, Margaret Alice Rigby Capener, Mary Lucinda Rigby Capener, Sarah Ada Rigby Capener, Daniel Rigby Capener, Joseph Aaron Rigby Capener

Married also: Margaret Wilson and Louise Glenn

William was a Latter-day Saint Pioneer of the Isaac Bullock Company, arriving in Salt Lake Valley, October 2, 1852.
At London, William Capener was apprenticed to become a cabinet maker and architect. He acquired excellent qualifications in this professional field. He was sent to New York City on a business trip in the summer of 1834. He was thrilled with the new city and country; rather than return to England, he sent for his wife, Sarah Verrinder, and three children. He left New York City for Cleveland, Ohio, in 1840 to supervise intricate work in the shipyards. It was here that he soon joined the Latter-day Saint faith. He was ordained an elder in the Kirtland Temple, January 24, 1844.
Elder William Capener and family were willing and ready to come to Utah in 1847. President Brigham Young counseled them to remain in Cleveland, Ohio and make a home for the L. D. S. immigrants and for the local L. D. S. missionaries. Thus his arrival in the Salt Lake Valley was delayed until 1852.
William Capener purchased and settled on property at 333 E. 1st South. At this location his first cabinet and furniture store for making household furniture was established 1852-1872. All types of furniture were made to order, from chairs to coffins. Old furniture was repaired and refinished. Young men were trained as apprentices, the first in Salt Lake City.
In the year 1872, with a family of six children by a marriage to Ellen Rigby, William Capener established a new home in Centerville, Davis County, Utah. Two beautiful structures of his handiwork stand as monuments to his name in this day 1951--the Centerville Capener rock home, and the Centerville South Ward rock chapel, which was dedicated in 1877.

Verrinder [Capener], Sarah


(The following is a history of Jane Capener, who was the daughter of William Capener and Sarah Verrinder Capener. She was the sister of Elizabeth Ann Capener Hardy who married Augustus Poore Hardy. This history can give some insight into a few of the activities of Sarah Verrinder, before she was married and a little history of the marriage of Sarah and William Capener.)

Story of the Life of Jane Capener Hanks Taylor Giles
San Diego, California, February 21, 1921
written by herself

This is a brief sketch of my travels through life written from memory, in my eighty-first year.
I am the daughter of William Capener and Sarah Verrinder Capener. My father was born in London, England July 31, 1806. My mother was born in Painswick, Glouchester County, England, September 2, 1804; she later, about the age of 18, went to London to act as ladies’ maid in the home of some nobility family where she attended St. George Church, Hanover Square. It was there at a church festival that she first met father and where she and father were married on the twenty-fifth of October 1828.
My parents came to America in 1834, Father came first and liked it so well he sent for Mother and her three children, William, George, and Louise. She came in 1835. They landed at Poughkeepsie County, New York, where sister Elizabeth was born, also Charles Henry, who only lived two hours. I was born, the 16th of October, 1840, at Brooke town of Sherdaken, Ulster County, New York. My parents later moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where I was baptized a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints in 1848 by Thomas Wilson, then president of the Cleveland Branch of the L. D. S. Church. Father was ordained an Elder in the Kirtland Temple on 24 January 1844. My parents and my two sisters, Louise Rebecca and Elizabeth came to Utah in 1852 in the Isaac Bullock Company landing in Salt Lake Valley the 2nd of October 1852. I was re-baptized in City Creek by Isaac Decker some time in November 1852. William and George, my brothers refused to join the Church and come to Utah so they remained in Cleveland where William was a physician. I lived in Salt Lake City with my parents and attended school there until March 27, 1856, when I was married in plural marriage to Ephraim Knowlton Hanks, Brigham Young performing the ceremony, afterwards going to the endowment house and receiving my endowments.

We went south with the Saints in the general move south in the year 1858, where we camped at Spring Creek, south of Provo, Utah returned the same year in August and went to live between the Little and Big Mountains which Mr. Hanks named Mountain Dell. I lived there until the year 1863, then moved to Provo Valley.
We first landed at Midway, then called Snake Creek. We arrived there in July where our daughter, Elizabeth was born in March 10, 1863. From there we moved to the McAffee ranch then called the Bill Wall ranch. Ephraim Hanks bought the ranch from William Ball and later sold it to brother McAffee. My son, Ephraim was born at this place. When he was three months old there was Indian trouble and we moved back to Salt Lake City, from the McAffee ranch, stayed there until the next spring then we moved to Thaynes Canyon, Park City District. I was very unhappy there for there was no church activities and my husband was not doing well but my sons, George Augustus and David Capener were born there. George became very ill while we were there and we nearly lost him. I think it was then that I decided to leave that place so far from anybody, where there was no church to go to, to help keep up ones spirit. But I lived there about six years. So I picked up and left and went to Heber City. Three months later, on the 27 of June, Louise Rebecca was born.
Ephraim Hanks took his wife, Thisby, and her family and went south to Wayne County where he died on the 19 of June 1896. President Brigham Young gave me a church divorce from Ephraim Hanks. He said that, “Because of his neglect of his family he has forfeited all claim on his wife and family.” (no temple divorce recorded in the Salt Lake Office of the Church Historian)
I lived in Heber City four years. Here is where I commenced laboring in the Lord’s vineyard. I was first set apart as a teacher in the Sunday School, taught there for two years and also furnished the bread for the sacrament for one year and helped to comfort the sick and afflicted and helped to prepare the dead for burial. Then I was again married to Joseph Edward Taylor, the 9 of July, 1876, again in plural marriage. His first wife is my older sister, Louise Rebecca. She gave her consent and went with us to the Salt Lake Endowment House and placed my hand in his to be his wife for time and eternity. We left the next day for Charleston, Utah where Mr. Taylor bought a thirty acre ranch and built me a small home. I did not want to raise my family in the city. I had a family of seven children, William Albert, Ephraim K., George Agustus, David Capener, Alice and Elizabeth and Louise Rebecca, children of Ephraim Hanks.
I was very active in church work while I lived in Charleston where my two daughters were born, Jane Ann, the 23 of December 1878, and Margaret Wicks, the 10 of February, 1883.
My first call was First Counselor in Relief Society. Melissa Murdock being the President. I worked in that capacity until Sister Eliza R. snow came to visit the Charleston ward and chose me for local President of the Primary Association of the Charleston Ward. I worked in that organization for a number of years. In 1883 I want on a visit to St. George to my sister Elizabeth Hardy’s and while there I did temple work at the St. George Temple, for the dead. Years later, 1903, I went to the Manti Temple with my daughter, Margaret, where she was married to Hyrum Fredric Cluff the 15th day of July, 1903 and at that time I was sealed to my parents.
After returning from St. George I found conditions unsatisfactory and left Charleston and moved to Heber City. I was later divorced from Mr. Taylor and my father, William Capener, built a very nice home for me. He did all the carpenter work. Mr. Taylor was generous in providing for me and my family. On the 12 of November, 1890, I married Thomas H. Giles in the Logan Temple. Mr. M. W. Morril officiating. Mr. Giles died in June, 1903. He was first counselor to Abraham Hatch in the Wasatch Stake, Henry Alexander was the second counselor. Shortly after I married Brother Giles I was set apart as Stake President of the Primary of Wasatch Stake of Zion with Mary duke and Jane Shelton as my counselors. I worked a number of years in that capacity and my health became poor, being afflicted with asthma, and I was advised to move to a lower altitude so I bought a home in Provo, and lived there until 1919, when my health forced me to seek a warmer climate. Two of my children were living in San Diego, California, so I left Provo and went to San Diego, the land of sunshine and flowers. When I go to my last resting place I wish to be laid in the city of the dead at Heber City, Utah where lies those who have passed on before me and where many of the associates of my younger days, also those that I loved and hope to meet in a fairer land than this. They are gone but not forgotten. My posterity at this date is nine children, seven living, two passed on: William Albert Capener and Alice Hanks McAffee. I have sixty-three grand children and sixty-five great grand children.

Sarah Verrinder Capener
Birth: September 2, 1804
Born at Painswick, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England
Death: May 27, 1863
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake County, Utah, USA

William Capener -- 26 Oct 1828,
Saint George Church,
Hanover Square, England

Children –
George Capener,
William Henry Capener,
Louisa Rebecca Capener,
Charles Henry Capener,
Elizabeth Ann Capener,
Jane Maria Capener

Salt Lake City Cemetery
Salt Lake City
Salt Lake County
Utah, USA
Plot: E_11_7_2_W
Record added: May 28, 2007
Find A Grave Memorial